According to these protocols, Finland, Estonia , Latvia and Bessarabia were within the Soviet sphere of interest, and Poland and Lithuania fell into the German sphere of interest. Following French-British indecision, Britain acted alone moving forward with a two-hour ultimatum at am on September 3, which France was then forced to follow, issuing its own ultimatum. Nevertheless, despite declarations that a state of war now existed with Germany, the inter-Allied military conferences of September 4—6 determined there was no possibility of supporting an eastern front in Poland. France subsequently requested Britain not bomb Germany, fearing military retaliation against the French populace. It was determined to do nothing , so as to not provoke a transfer of German forces to the western front.
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Left Commissar of the Interior A. Center Mozus Citrons, Daugavpils KGB doctor with a salary rubles per month — three times the normal salary for doctors. For whom was he providing medical services? During the night the shot people were delivered outside Riga in trucks to be interred. At the bottom: bloody tarpaulin found in the yard of the KGB with which were covered those to be led on their last path. Student, Bruno Rungainis — one of the few who was lucky enough to get out of the death embraces of the KGB.
What could be told by those innumerable martyrs who are silenced for ever? The testimony of the illiterate Yid, Gincburgs, on the subject of yanking off nails in the Daugavpils prison.
Behind the fence of this summer house their road of torture came to an end. Not far away from this summer house, among young trees filled with the sap of life, freshly dug earth shone dimly. Liberated from the bloody yoke, on July the earth returned its secret.
It opened very much on facts which the Bolsheviks were very carefully trying to hide behind barred windows, barbed wires, in cellars and in their minds.
Thrown criss-cross in a common pit in the garden of Baltezers summer house were lying shoot. The pit returned more and more new corps. Many were robbed prior to death — footwear was taken away, the clothes were pulled of. But for very many prior to death their human appearance was taken away — it was very difficult to recognize shapeless smashed faces with features changed by death sleep and earth.
The hands of many martyrs had been tightly tied behind their back. What could be endangered by those miserable, tormented, tired and exhausted people? The graves of buried victims disclosed the same picture as in during the first invasion of the Bolsheviks into Latvia.
Lines of murdered in Baltezers Latvians murdered at the Krustpils airport when the Bolsheviks were retreating. More and more new graves gave up their victims: unearthed martyrs at the Krusta church in Riga.
The mortal remains of shot Latvians after examination in Dreilini. From the left: the members of the Supreme Council V. Lacis, party secretary. Within all the nearest surroundings of Riga were found pits with shooting victims. In each of them were 10 — 30 corpses or more.
How many of such mass graves were hidden and still is hiding all unfortunate, befouled with severity Latvian land? The names of many who were found in the graves are not known, the destinies of countless others can not possibly be followed up even today. With the beginning of the German — Soviet Union war the terror of the Bolsheviks got even stronger, getting to open murder.
A terrible fate befouled Latvian soldiers in the most severe way: those who were considered politically unreliable were pensioned off from the service. When they were leaving the location of their army units, they were treacherously lured into a trap and fusillade. Shot soldiers found nearby Litene camp — from the left: E.
Pinka, V. Leja, V. Because they did not manage to destroy the Latvian nation and sensing the final hours of their power, the Bolsheviks were wildly massacring victims — Central Prison prisoners — helpless, unresisting, miserable people. Unearthing of corps in a yard of Riga Central Prison The layer of earth just couple feet thick was covering those prisoners shoot by Bolsheviks, who were lying there thrown each on the top of another in messy pails.
Many for whom their relatives were insistently and vainly searching and asking — many of them were in those pits, unable to tell their nation anything more. And they tell much more than all the most terrible words together.
Unearthed victims, after removal of their clothing and a washing, were attempted to be identified during a careful examination. Always more and more victims. Medical orderlies remove a victim from the common grave.
Lines of corps in the yard of Riga Central Prison. Corpsmen bringing a victim out of the pit. In the yard of the Central Prison In this manner, on June 28, , during the final hours of their power the Bolsheviks massacred the people locked up in the prisons.
Relatives of the shot and missing looking for their family members among corpses in the yard of the Central Prison. Those received by number also were shot by number.
Those who knew him in a life will not recognize him in the death. The KGB made sure of it.
The principal difficulties encountered are the fact that Latvian does not employ definite articles, leaving the translator to puzzle out whether to write "an objection" one of perhaps many or "the objection" meaning just one ; the fact that prepositions in direct translation are often not what is really being meant, such as "from" meaning someone sent by a group when what was really meant in context was "of" meaning someone who is an actual member of the group ; and finally, the fact that after fifty years of Soviet repression, contemporary Latvian dictionaries are much smaller in size and fewer in number than their English counterparts, making it extremely necessary for the translator to have read and reread both versions many times and then to employ both a native speaker of Latvian and a native speaker of English to read together and discuss in detail the nuances and alternatives. One specific method was employed in this translation, as the publisher decided that the importance of this information required the most clear and accurate translation possible: where an unavoidable choice between accuracy and clarity had to be made, accuracy was chosen and clarity has been achieved through footnoting. In other instances, it was recognized that particular terms or references might not be understood without a definition or explanation, and these are also footnoted. The translators are satisfied that their instructions were to create a thoroughly accurate translation in all respects.
1941. gads: Baigais gads
Little did the Latvians realize what was in store for them. Extra-judicial detentions, torture, mutilation of prisoners, painful death in a detention center of the NKVD the secret police of the communists. Two-thirds of the Kiev Cheka were Jewish for instance. The Soviets held their fake elections, a farce, in which only communists could be elected. The fear started to grow. People started disappearing. Many arbitrary detentions.
Latvijas okupācija (1940)
Soviet occupation of Latvia in 1940