Praised be the name of God, now and forever. Praised be our God, of whose abundance we have eaten. Praised be our God, of whose abundance we have eaten, and by whose goodness we live. Praised be the Eternal God. Baruch atah Adonai, hazan et hakol.
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In addition to this, the Torah also commands us to make a blessing after we eat. It may seem excessive to say Grace twice, but this additional blessing after meals is actually very significant. Our Sages take this idea a step further by explaining that the Grace After Meals is not just about being thankful, but about being humble. After feasting on a good meal, we feel full and satisfied.
This contentment can easily cause us to become overly confident in our place in the world, and to relish in the power of being top of the food chain.
Eating any amount of food without bread is seen as just a snack. For many religious Jews, Birkat Hamazon is a part of daily life.
In religious schools, children sing the Grace After Meals aloud together after lunch, and a rousing rendition of Birkat Hamazon traditionally marks the end of Shabbos or holiday meals. However, no matter how habitual Birkat Hamazon may become, you should still give your full attention to every word when reciting this prayer.
One may not pause in the middle of Birkat Hamazon to talk about other things. We bless and thank God for the food He has provided, not just to us but to the whole world. The land deserves special mention, as it is only through the vitality of the land that we are able to grow the food we need.
This section ends with a prayer for the rebuilding of Jerusalem. However, over time, additional prayers were added to the Grace After Meals that we still recite today. Changes are also made to Birkat Hamazon when a meal is shared by three or more adults of the same gender. Such a group forms what is called a "zimun", and in their presence Birkat Hamazon is elevated from an individual prayer to a communal one. A special invitation to partake in the Grace After Meals is then added to the beginning of the blessings.
All Rabbinic authorities agree that three men over the age of bar mitzvah are obligated to form a zimun. The Sages disagrees over whether zimun is optional or mandatory for women. This verse does not make a distinction between different types of foods, nor does it specify the exact wording of the blessing that should be made. The third blessing, Birkat Yerushalayim, is attributed to David and Solomon. The main structure of saying Grace After Meals has stayed consistent throughout history.
However, Ashkenazim, Sephardim, and certain other communities use very slightly different versions of Birkat Hamazon.
Blessed art thou, O Lord our God, King of the universe, who feedest the whole world with thy goodness, with grace, with lovingkindness and tender mercy; thou givest food to all flesh, for thy lovingkindness endureth for ever. Blessed art thou, O Lord, who givest food unto all. Have mercy, O Lord our God, upon Israel thy people, upon Jerusalem thy city, upon Zion the abiding place of thy glory, upon the kingdom of the house of David thine anointed, and upon the great and holy house that was called by thy name.
O our God, our Father, feed us, nourish us, sustain, support and relieve us, and speedily O Lord our God, grant us relief from all our troubles. We beseech thee, O Lord our God, let us not be in need either of the gifts of flesh and blood or of their loans, but only of thy helping hand, which is full, open, holy and ample, so that we may not be ashamed nor confounded for ever and ever.
Blessed art thou, O Lord our God, King of the universe, O God, our Father, our King, our Mighty One, our Creator, our Redeemer, our Maker, our Holy One, the Holy One of Jacob, our Shepherd, the Shepherd of Israel, O King, who art kind and dealest kindly with all, day by day thou hast dealt kindly, dost deal kindly, and wilt deal kindly with us: thou hast bestowed, thou dost bestow, thou wilt ever bestow benefits upon us, yielding us grace, lovingkindness, mercy and relief, deliverance and prosperity, blessing and salvation, consolation, sustenance and supports mercy, life, peace and all good: of no manner of good let us be in want.
The All-merciful shall be blessed in heaven and on earth. The All-merciful shall be praised throughout all generations, glorified amongst us to all eternity, and honored amongst us for everlasting.
May the All-merciful grant us an honorable livelihood. May the All-merciful send a plentiful blessing upon this house, and upon this table at which we have eaten. Both on their and on our behalf may there be such advocacy on high as shall lead to enduring peace; and may we receive a blessing from the Lord, and righteousness from the God of our salvation; and may we find grace and good understanding in the sight of God and man.
May the All-merciful make us worthy of the days of the Messiah, and of the life of the world to come. And showeth lovingkindness to his anointed, to David and to his seed, for evermore. He who maketh peace in his high places, may he make peace for us and for all Israel, and say ye, Amen. O fear the Lord, ye his holy ones; for there is no want to them that fear him. Young lions do lack and suffer hunger: but they that seek the Lord shall not want any good.
O give thanks unto the Lord, for he is good: for his lovingkindness endureth for ever. Blessed is the man that trusteth in the Lord, and whose trust the Lord is.
I have been young and now I am old; yet have I not seen. The Lord will give strength unto his people; the Lord will bless his people with peace.
BIRKAT HAMAZON LYRICS PDF
Birkat Hamazon Transliteration