Fenrigore I say that if there were a true demonstration that the sun is at the center of the world and the earth in the third heaven, and that the sun does not circle the earth but the earth circles the sun, then one would have to proceed with great care in explaining the Scriptures that appear contrary, and say rather that we do not understand them, than that what is demonstrated is false. Leiden and Boston, Accordingly, when he died there was a general expectation that his cause would be promptly introduced. He continues to be one of the most powerful men in the Church, yet controversjas on living the life of a simple priest. It had become obvious that no definitive conclusion could be reached. UntilBellarmine was occupied as professor of theology.

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Keep Exploring Britannica Buddha. McMullin himself emphatically rejects that view as untenable. That his opponents did not accept his arguments, cogent as they seem to us today, was due mainly to the fact that the norms for the proper interpretation of Scripture were one of the two main issues then dividing Protestants and Catholics.

Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of On the other hand, it appeared impossible to account for the complex and robergo epicyclic motions of Ptolemaic astronomy in causal terms, even though they did provide a good descriptive and predictive account of apparent planetary positions. Catholicism portal Pope portal.

InBellarmine was ordained to the priesthood and appointed to a professorship at Louvain, the first Jesuit to hold such a post. These form the chief original material. If the literal sense of Scripture is to be retained unless and until its untenability be strictly demonstrated, an impossible burden is laid on theologian and scientist alike. Galileo represented the beginning of modern science; Bellarmine the truth of scripture as literally interpreted.

Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. The year before, inin a letter to Antonio Foscarini author of a Lettera The answer he received from Clavius and his pupils was favorable to Galileo, but in spite of these apparent triumphs something at Rome was working against him.

Health care Schools Universities. However, Bellarmine still makes his contribution. He is one of the great figures in the era of the Counter- Reformation or the Catholic Reformation. It was here that he met and directed the young Aloysius Gonzaga. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.

For centuries, all translations of the Bible into the vernacular were done from the Vulgate text e. In he wrote the Catechism Dottrina cristiana in two versions short and full which has been translated to 50 languagesbecoming one of the greatest bestsellers and the official teaching of the Church in the 17th to 19th centuries. This is the sort of unshakable trust in the ultimacy of observation that had made Aristotle who had once seemed so dangerous an intellectual threat to Bellarmimo beliefs a congenial robeerto for those who regarded the Hebrew turn of phrase about sun or stars as somehow carrying a special authority.

Another characteristic of his spirituality was an all embracing charity. Upon his return to Rome inBellarmine resumed his responsibility as spiritual director within the Collegio Romano. The Reformers had not been entirely wrong in their criticism. Robert Bellarmine, you must be Jesuit!

This article was transcribed for New Advent by Paul T. Bellarmine also became involved in controversy with King James I of England. The issue of papal power revolved around the theory of the indirect power of the Pope.

It is a series of quotations. Several years prior to this Bellarmino had also participated in the last phase of the trial of Giordano Brunoas he had in the affair of the interdiction of the Venetian Republic. On the other hand, a most interesting discovery was made. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. The window in Andover, MA commemorates the debate rather than any one determination. Bellarmine served as rector of the Collegio Romano inas provincial of the Neapolitan province of the Jesuits inand papal theologian in He had written against pluralism and non-residence of bishops within their dioceses.

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. The family was not at all wealthy or powerful His mother, on the other hand, Cynthia Cervini, was the half-sister of Cardinal Marcello Cervini, one of the outstanding leaders of the Counter-Reformation Church, who would be elected Pope Marcellus II in Related Articles



However, a grateful Church would advance the nephew as he sought the priesthood. Their popularity lasted well into the twentieth century. In Bellarmine became the spiritual director of the Collegio Romano. However, Bellarmine controversuas on the literal interpretation of biblical passages. Aristotle argued that a strict science of physics can be achieved, one that tells us how the world really is. Robert Bellarmine — Wikipedia The most colorful recent account of the Bellarmine-Galileo dispute is Giorgio de Santillana, The Crime of Galileo Chicago, ; a quite different reconstruction of the circumstances under which the disputed injunction came to be entered into the file is given by Stillman Drake in the appendix to his trans.


Reformation theology had permeated the University and Borgia recognized the brilliance of Robert Bellarmine to counteract this trend. Bellarmine is also widely remembered for his role in the Giordano Bruno affair, the Galileo affair and the trial of Friar Fulgenzio Manfredi. List of Jesuit educational institutions List of Jesuit development centres. The quarrel led to a war of pamphlets in which the part of the Republic was sustained by John Marsiglio and an apostate monk named Paolo Sarpiand that of the Holy See by Bellarmine and Baronius.



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