Francesca Brasile marked it as to-read Aug 17, Share your thoughts with other customers. Be prepared for a challenge as you attempt to derive the modern equivalents for these year old names. For those tracing Sephardim from Spain to England or to Amsterdam, this book can be most valuable. Alessandra marked it as to-read Mar 02, Lists with This Book. Reader marked it as to-read Nov 10, Sobreno,es of these names, if not all, appear to be original Sephardic names not changed by conversion. This book contains a list of names of Sephardim families that sefqradi to Portugal and Gibralter after hundreds of years of expulsion.
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O ano foi produtivo. Temos muito o que dizer. Muito obrigado Feliz ! The book contains the original names of Jews who lived for 1, years in the Iberian Peninsula, the names they used after the persecutions and conversions of and , and during the years of the Sephardic Diaspora. It also informs the surnames of the ones who faced the Inquisition. The numbers in this work are impressive: three researchers labored with more than sources for eight years.
But the effort was rewarded: it resulted in seventeen thousand surnames grouped under twelve thousand entries. It contains, in alphabetical order, all Sephardic surnames, from Aaron to Zvili.
There are the more common ones, such as Leon, Sarfati, Rodrigues, Henriques, Benveniste, Gabai as well as the most rare. The first contains beautiful color illustrations, and tells the story of the Sephardic people, since their origins in the Iberian Peninsula, going through their migrations and until present time. These are Jews with a peculiar history, quite different from that of the Ashkenazi Jews.
As of the Roman period Jewish presence in Iberia is well documented. A crucial moment takes place when Queen Isabel and King Fernando of recently unified Spain expel the Jews from their territory in , and the king of Portugal follows suit and forces the conversion of Portuguese and Castillan Jews that lived in his kingdom.
From this crisis arises a complex character: the New Christian, a person that is ethnically a Jew but a Catholic by religion. Some convert genuinely and become sincere Catholics. Some convert without conviction, and maintain their bonds with the ancient faith which was an heresy in the eyes of the Church. The Inquisition came to inspect the behavior of these Conversos. For almost three hundred years the Holy Office chased rich and poor alike in all regions of the Spanish and Portuguese empires.
There is information on more than 30, charges against Judaizers Catholics who practiced Judaism. The dictionary shows the routes followed by the Sephardic Jews after being expelled from Spain and Portugal. It identifies the main centers where these refugees lived, from which they departed to more remote places, as well as their socio-cultural interaction with other groups of local Jews, such as the Mizrahim Orientals , the Toshavim from the Mogreb , the Romanos Italians , the Berbers.
In this section we find the criteria and methods the authors used to define what is a Sephardic name. Issues are analyzed such as transliteration, wrong transcriptions, rare names, medieval names, compound names, name classification, other languages, methodological comparison with the Dictionary of Jewish Surnames from the Russian Empire Alexander Beider and, finally, an interesting list of the most recurrent Sephardic names.
The second part is the dictionary itself. It begins with an explanation of how each entry should be read. It shows a list of the places where Jews or New-Christians with the name Navarro lived. A preponderance of the North and Northeast regions of Portugal is noticed. There is a note indicating this is a very old name, earlier than The three and four letter initials designate the sources where the reader may further the study of the name.
There are records of charges against Navarros in the Inquisition tribunals of Lisbon, Coimbra and Mexico. An earlier reference suggests reading the entry Nabarro. It mentions a historical character, Moises Navarro, a rabbi who lived in the 14th century.
Many entries are complemented by photographs and illustrations. The research used books, lists, magazines, newspapers, the Internet, photographs, manuscripts and even tombstones. The documental gem is a manuscript notebook in Arabic and Rashi Hebrew where all circumcisions of Aleppo Syria that took place between and were recorded.
During the research process many names were discarded. The authors estimate that almost twenty thousand names were rejected. Even so, seventeen thousand were maintained. The result of this research is a singular family history of Sephardic Jews. The dictionary goes farther: it includes Italian Jews, Mizrahim Oriental Jews , Magrebians Toshavim and other groups, culturally assimilated in the Sephardic world.
Having just received my copy I thought to share some of my early impressions because of the great interest in this publication. This superb bilingual addition to the select library of essential books for Sephardic Genealogy has pages divided into several sections.
The right hand page is in Portuguese and the left hand in English, which - though translated by someone for whom English is obviously not a first language — is quite enjoyable and informative. The remainder of the book, printed in non-glossy paper, consists of the dictionary of 16, Sephardic surnames. The dictionary section presents the surname, some spelling variants, geographical locations, type patronymic, descriptive, etc.
That would have required several volumes instead of one. I would highly recommend this book as essential in any serious library of Sephardic genealogy books. A la fin du dictionnaire se trouvent une formidable liste bibliographique des sources principales et secondaires.
Un index permettant de trouver un nom sous ses diverses ortographes cloture ce gigantesque ouvrage de pages. Shabetai b.
Dicionário Sefaradi de Sobrenomes - Arquivo Histórico Judaico ...
DICCIONARIO SEFARADI DE SOBRENOMES PDF