EUROPEAN SOUSLIK PDF

IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria EU conservation status Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below. Favourable: the species is viable and maintaining itself on a long-term basis, its natural range is not reduced, and it has a sufficient large habitat. Unfavourable-Inadequate: the species is not as critical as being unfavourable-bad, but still requires significant conservation and restoration measure to make it viable in the long-term, or to enlarged its current range, or to improve the quality and availability of its habitat. Unfavourable-Bad: the species is either not maintaining itself on a long-term basis and is not viable, or its natural range as been or is being drastically reduced, or its habitat is largely insufficient; the species requires major conservation and restoration measures.

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Its populations became increasingly fragmented and are facing serious declines across most of its range throughout last decades. The European souslik is endemic to Europe. It is undoubtedly an important natural element of the steppic grassland ecosystem. In the short grass steppe habitat the species represents one of the main prey for several top predators listed in Annex I of the Birds Directive, such as the Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca, Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina, Saker Falcon Falco cherrug etc.

In some habitats it might be also an important consumer of primary production able to limit spreading of some plant species, including invasive plants, such as the Silver-leaved Nightshade Solanum elaeagnifolium. In some countries the European souslik can serve as an umbrella species for extensively used grassland habitats and associated species. International group of experts on research and conser vation of S. Citellus declared in that the species is threatened over most of its range.

It is a mammal with diurnal activity and an obligatory true hibernant. Citellus is 3 to 5 years. The current species range is divided in two by the Carpathian Mountains. The north-western part extends through Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Austria, Hungary, northern Serbia and western Romania, whilst the south-eastern part extends from eastern Serbia, Macedonia and northern Greece through Bulgaria, southern and western Romania to European Turkey, Moldova and Ukraine.

There are also extinct S. The critical threats are connected either to lack of grassland management — such as low insufficient intensity of grazing or mowing, or a total absence of those — i. Second group of critical threats also has an impact on habitat availability for S. Urbanisation, residential and commercial development as well as traffic development with subsequent problems such as the barrier effect, mortality due to collision with vehicles, pollution etc.

At the very end coincidence of these factors leads to extinction of local European souslik populations. Special emphasis should be put on the agri-environment schemes AES for grasslands, which in some countries are not flexible enough. For instance if the payments in AES require late mowing of grasslands due to focus on some bird species, this can harm some species which need short grass throughout the vegetation season end of May and June — like European souslik.

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European Souslik

Its populations became increasingly fragmented and are facing serious declines across most of its range throughout last decades. The European souslik is endemic to Europe. It is undoubtedly an important natural element of the steppic grassland ecosystem. In the short grass steppe habitat the species represents one of the main prey for several top predators listed in Annex I of the Birds Directive, such as the Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca, Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina, Saker Falcon Falco cherrug etc. In some habitats it might be also an important consumer of primary production able to limit spreading of some plant species, including invasive plants, such as the Silver-leaved Nightshade Solanum elaeagnifolium. In some countries the European souslik can serve as an umbrella species for extensively used grassland habitats and associated species. International group of experts on research and conser vation of S.

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