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A boot. The basic version of boot. You find boot. This base boot. These customized boot images can be created using either the capture or discover method.
A capture image is typically taken after the operating system and all roles, features, and applications have been installed. The System Preparation Sysprep tool must be run on the target system prior to booting with the capture image. Sysprep converts a generalized system into a specialized state and back again. Using Sysprep on an installed physical or virtual machine removes any information such as a security identifier SID , making it possible to use a customized installation as a base image for other systems.
Using the capture image on a physical system works particularly well when you have many installations to accomplish on the same type of hardware.
The latest version of this tool as of this writing is 6. Microsoft Consulting Services currently maintains the script, providing updates and bug fixes when necessary. Use the following command to launch a UI option and complete steps 1 through 4 in the dialog box to configure the VHD. With step 4, you apply your selections and create the VHD. Objective 1. Figure shows an image from the MDT help file that describes the deployment process quite well. The MDT help file has a wealth of information about each of the steps outlined in the diagram.
Figure shows what the basic Deployment Workbench application looks like. If you look closely, you see a download operation in progress for the Windows Automated Installation Kit x The Deployment Workbench requires a number of additional tools that must be installed in order to perform certain tasks. For convenience the Deployment Workbench makes it possible to download and install these additional pieces directly from the main Components window. Many of the role migrations require a deployment share to use for moving files between source and target systems.
Individual pages prompt for a path, file share, and descriptive name. The Options page see Figure allows you to configure default options for processes such as entering a product key and prompting for a local Administrator password. Click Next to see a Summary page and then a Progress page as a new share is created and all files are copied to the share. Figure shows the initial page of the Import Operating System Wizard.
You can see the available options are a full set of source files, a custom image, or a WDS image. The tools of most interest for the purposes of this book include the Deployment Tools and Windows PE.
You can use the assessment tool to look for any potential issues with hardware and drivers. Understanding how to use the different tools in the Windows ADK is an important part of a successful deployment and crucial for passing the certification exam. Creating an answer file provides a way to respond to the questions in an automated fashion for an unattended installation. Windows SIM is a free tool from Microsoft that simplifies the process of creating an answer file.
It also requires a catalog file that will be created if not found. After the initial steps have completed, you should see a dialog box similar to the one in Figure If you use an answer file to specify information such as passwords, they will be stored in the clear unless you do something to obfuscate them. Figure shows two customizations added at this point in the process: one for creating a partition and the second to specify an Administrator password.
Other possibilities include adding drivers that might not be in the standard distribution or adding custom logon instructions. Any errors are displayed in the Validation tab. Planning for deploying servers to Microsoft Azure IaaS Microsoft Azure represents an ideal target for moving specific workloads up to the cloud.
Infrastructure as a Service IaaS is a cloud computing service model in which a service provider owns and maintains hardware and equipment that you can use, usually paying on a per-use basis. VMs make it possible to deploy any workload in addition to these services. This use case represents Azure taking advantage of the capability to scale individual VMs to meet demand as necessary.
Azure provides a number of preconfigured Windows Server images in the Image Gallery available for use as part of your deployment. You can also upload your own images as long as they are in the VHD format. Sign in to the management portal, click on the New tab and then choose Compute, Virtual Machine, and then From Gallery to start the wizard. A new network on Azure can be created by using either the management portal or with Microsoft Azure PowerShell. In the management portal, click the New tab, choose Networks, Virtual Network, and then Custom Create to start the configuration wizard.
Figure shows the Virtual Network Details page for creating a new virtual network. After a network is defined, you can provision VMs connected exclusively to that network.
Another Azure configuration point concerns selecting a specific datacenter or region for VMs and websites. Azure has a construct called an affinity group that provides a mechanism to group services together and restrict them to a specific geographical location. Performance can be improved by locating workloads in the same datacenter or near the greatest number of users.
An affinity group can be set by using either the management portal or Windows PowerShell. Figure shows the management portal and the Settings page. A number of networking issues should be addressed during the deployment planning stages. These issues include the need for a site-to-site VPN connection and IP address issues to include name resolution.
Azure networking includes support for any private address ranges to include Choosing where to source your DNS servers depends on your overall network topology. For a hybrid on-premises and off-premises solution, you want to provide redundancy on both sides of the firewall. Figure shows an example of this page. App Controller provides a number of automation capabilities for deployment not found in any other Microsoft product.
You also need an Azure account to establish a connection between App Controller and the cloud. App Controller is meant to be used by application or service owners as well as system administrators, so it depends on a VMM administrator to configure networks or create the various profiles used to create new VM instances.
Figure shows the web-based interface that is available after the App Controller installation is finished. App Controller is the link between a private and public cloud and deals with entities only at the cloud level.
Microsoft makes that easy with trial Azure subscriptions. A link on the Azure website lets anyone sign up for a onemonth trial. Azure uses certificates to secure the connection between a specific sub scription and a management platform such as System Center. Make sure to choose Computer Account when prompted to choose which certificate store to manage.
For the local certificate, you must choose to export the private key and provide a password, which creates a PFX file to be used in App Controller. Launch the Certificate Export Wizard a second time to create the second file without the private key. This action creates a CER file that must be uploaded to Azure. Clicking this button prompts you to browse for the CER file previously exported. When the upload process completes, you should see the new certificate listed along with a subscription ID.
This number is needed in the next step, in which you add the subscription to App Controller. Figure shows the dialog box with the text boxes completed. When this connection is established, you have full access to all VMs and virtual disks associated with the account. When installed, this module provides a number of new cmdlets for managing VM instances on Azure. Installation requires the Microsoft Web Platform Installer that can be downloaded from the Azure website.
Launching this link displays a dialog box that has a link near the bottom that displays a list of everything to be installed see Figure After the download completes, each item is installed. A total of 29 cmdlets specific to App Controller make it possible to completely automate the process of creating, copying, and moving VMs and virtual disks between a local or on -premises system and Azure. You need to connect to your Azure subscription prior to actually deploying any files.
With this tool, you can manage all aspects of your Azure account to include creating and copying VMs. The difference between multicast and unicast is implied in the name: multicast is sent to multiple computers; unicast is sent to a specific computer.
Multicast transmissions are configured using the WDS management console. Figure shows the Create Multicast Transmission Wizard. Planning for Windows Deployment Services WDS is the primary tool for enabling the distribution and deployment of Windows operating systems over the network.
WDS makes it possible to fully automate the installation process of a new Windowsbased machine over the network with no human intervention required. It supports deployment of the latest versions of the Windows operating system as well as legacy versions back to Windows 7 and Windows Server For Transport Server—only installs, you must use a public share with no authentication required to store the boot and install images.
Both from an authentication and a practical perspective, WDS works best in an Active Directory—enabled environment. Another AD DS advantage comes in the capability to use prestaged clients to speed up and secure deployment. If you need to change the location for the image store or the type of server Standalone or Active Directory Integrated , you have to remove and reinstall the role.
WDS uses a file system directory to store all boot and install images, PXE boot files, and management tools. A capture boot image is created from an existing boot image and contains the tools necessary to create an install image from a physical or VM.
Designing and Implementing a Server Infrastructure
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Exam Ref 70-413 Designing and Implementing a Server Infrastructure (MCSE)
A boot. The basic version of boot. You find boot. This base boot. These customized boot images can be created using either the capture or discover method. A capture image is typically taken after the operating system and all roles, features, and applications have been installed.