JAIN AGAMAS PDF

These scriptures are said to have contained the most comprehensive and accurate description of every branch of learning that one needs to know. However, with time, it became difficult to keep the entire Jain literature committed to memory. Predicting a 12 year long famine, Bhadrabahu went south to Karnataka with his adherents [10] and Sthulabhadra , another Jain monk remained behind. During this time the knowledge of the doctrine was getting lost. A council was formed at Pataliputra where eleven scriptures called Angas were compiled and the remnant of fourteen purvas were written down in 12th Anga, Ditthivaya by the adherents of Sthulbhadra. Due to the twelve years of famine it was extremely difficult for the Jain ascetics to preserve the entire canonical literature.

Author:Disida Malak
Country:Bermuda
Language:English (Spanish)
Genre:Travel
Published (Last):21 January 2014
Pages:405
PDF File Size:1.50 Mb
ePub File Size:17.60 Mb
ISBN:180-5-63014-987-2
Downloads:85511
Price:Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader:Kazrakree



These scriptures are said to have contained the most comprehensive and accurate description of every branch of learning that one needs to know. However, with time, it became difficult to keep the entire Jain literature committed to memory. Predicting a 12 year long famine, Bhadrabahu went south to Karnataka with his adherents [10] and Sthulabhadra , another Jain monk remained behind.

During this time the knowledge of the doctrine was getting lost. A council was formed at Pataliputra where eleven scriptures called Angas were compiled and the remnant of fourteen purvas were written down in 12th Anga, Ditthivaya by the adherents of Sthulbhadra.

Due to the twelve years of famine it was extremely difficult for the Jain ascetics to preserve the entire canonical literature. The Purvas or the ancient texts were already forgotten and lost after the famine. According to Svetambara tradition, the agamas were collected on the basis of collective memory of the ascetics in the first council of Pataliputra under the stewardship of Sthulibhadra in around to — BC.

The existing Svetambara texts are based on the Vallabhi council texts. Digambaras reject the authority of the Agamas compiled at Valabhi.

APC BR1500 PDF

Jain Agamas (Śvētāmbara)

Ang-agams: Ang-agams are the oldest religious scriptures and the back bone of Jain literature. Acharang Sutra Aayarang : This agam describes the conduct and behavior of ascetic life and the description of the penance of Lord Mahavir. This is the oldest agam from a linguistic point of view. Sutrakratang Sutra Suyagdang : This agam describes nonviolence, Jain metaphysics, and the refutation of other religious theories such as Kriyavada, Akriyavada, Ajnanavada, and Vinayavada. Sthananga Sutra Thanang : This agam defines and catalogues the main substances of the Jain religion defines Jain metaphysics. Samavayanga Sutra: This agam defines and catalogues the main substances of the Jain religion from a different perspective than the Sthananga Sutra.

ITU T G 8010 PDF

Jain Agamas (Digambara)

Traditionally these sutras were orally passed on from teachers acaryas or gurus to the disciples for several centuries. The scholars date the composition of Jain agamas at around 6th to 3rd century BCE. Contents History Date of composition While some authors date the composition of Jain Agamas starting from 6th century BCE, [1] noted indologist Hermann Jacobi holds that the composition of the Jaina canon would fall somewhere about the end of the fourth or the beginning of the third century BCE [2] The general consensus amongst scholars is that the earliest portions of Jain canons were composed around 4th or 3rd century BCE. However, with time, it became difficult to keep the entire Jain literature committed to memory. According to tradition, there occurred a twelve years of famine around BC where it was extremely difficult for the Jain ascetics to survive during this time.

Related Articles