Research[ edit ] A number of scholars have studied Gadaa. Legesse  has written that Gadaa is "one of the most astonishing and instructive turns the evolution of human society has taken". In addition to his Harvard PhD dissertation, Legesse has published a book  positioning Gadaa as an African democracy that could inform constitutional thinkers. The late Donald Levine has said  that Gadaa is "one of the most complex systems of social organization ever devised by the human imagination".
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Research[ edit ] A number of scholars have studied Gadaa. Legesse  has written that Gadaa is "one of the most astonishing and instructive turns the evolution of human society has taken". In addition to his Harvard PhD dissertation, Legesse has published a book  positioning Gadaa as an African democracy that could inform constitutional thinkers.
The late Donald Levine has said  that Gadaa is "one of the most complex systems of social organization ever devised by the human imagination". For Jalata, Gadaa represents "the totality of Oromo civilization". Current status[ edit ] Considering the symbolic significance of Gadaa for the Oromo, as well as its structural innovations, researchers in law, indigenous studies, and pan-Africanism are exploring how the system could be utilized in the 21st century. For example, a thesis by Z. Sirna  entitled "Ethiopia: When the Gadaa Democracy Rules in a Federal State" explores how the system could be integrated with the contemporary federal structure of Ethiopia, serving as a governance mechanism for the Oromia Regional National State.
Sirna has analysed the Gadaa system in relation to deliberative forms of political participation used in Western contexts. A futuristic, governance 2. Criticisms[ edit ] The sixteenth century migration of the Oromo people has been known for capturing indigenous people and making them slaves. Part of the Gadaa system, Mogassa, has been criticized for erasing the culture and language of these indigenous people.
Gadaa has also been criticized for being patriarchal, as it excludes women from political affairs. This, according to Legesse,  is the main shortcoming of Oromo Democracy.
Other shortcomings include rigidity of rules, and the question of scaling Gadaa to millions of people. Historically, Gadaa has been seen as a better method of governing than other forms in the region. In regions where the Oromo invaded and conquered, including around the Sidama and Somali, the Gadaa system was oppressive in practice, though proclaimed as democratic and just in Oromo oral tradition.
GADAA – Socio-Political & Economic Structure of Oromo People
All activities and life of each and every member of the Oromo was guided by an egalitarian socio- economic and political structure of the society called the Gada system. The Gada system is a class system that succeeds each other every eight years in assuming politico- military administration, economic management and other social activities. It was the central institution of the Oromo people that contains complex and extra-ordinary features. It was purely invented by the Oromo and it is one of the most remarkable political systems which was highly democratic with effective legislative and judicial institutions. Oromo society was structured in accordance with this Gada system. The Oromo society was structured into two distinct but cross-cutting system of pear group.?
Your browser is not supported by this application. Inscribed in It serves as a mechanism for enforcing moral conduct, building social cohesion, and expressing forms of community culture. Gada is organized into five classes with one of these functioning as the ruling class consisting of a chairperson, officials and an assembly. Each class progresses through a series of grades before it can function in authority with the leadership changing on a rotational basis every eight years.
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