Purchase the Bond and Put your Finger Print! The strategy involves an export-led external sector, and internal emphasis on agriculture to supply commodities for exports, domestic food supply and industrial output, and expand markets for domestic manufacturing. The development strategy is supported by an economic reform program developed in cooperation with the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund IMF and by a series of structural adjustment programmes. There have been major gains from the reform programme, and from liberalization of the economy, including low inflation, fiscal discipline and low government borrowing, infrastructure improvement and the growth of the private sector after a privatization program was initiated in under which a majority of former government-owned firms have been denationalized. The spending on poverty-targeted sectors both recurrent and capital steadily increased during this period rising from

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All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted. Abstract We analysed the performance of Ethiopia in achieving the health-related millennium development goals MDGs with the aim of acquiring lessons for the sustainable development goals SDGs. We argue that these achievements are due to implementation of a mix of comprehensive strategies within the health system and across other sectors of the government.

Scaling up of interventions by disease control programmes including the health extension programme and strengthening of the health system have played important roles towards the achievements.

These health gains could not have been realised without progress in the other MDGs: poverty reduction, education, access to safe drinking-water and peace and stability of the country. However, the gains were not equitable, with differences between urban and rural areas, among regions and socioeconomic strata. The inequity gap remains a challenge that achieving the health-related SDGs requires the country to implement strategies, which specifically target more marginal populations and geographic areas.

This also needs peace and stability, without which it is almost impossible to improve health. What are the new findings? Reccomendations for policy Addressing the inequity gap, in addition to other emerging challenges such as epidemics and non-communicable diseases, remains as a priority task during the era of the sustainable development goals SDGs.

Achieving the health-related SDGs requires targeted, efficient and comprehensive strategies and financing mechanisms. Introduction At the beginning of the new millennium, world leaders gathered at the United Nations to outline a wide-ranging vision against poverty.

The vision was translated into eight goals called millennium development goals MDGs which became the most significant commitment ever made by world leaders for international development. Low-income countries, including Ethiopia, tied their poverty reduction and development plans to the MDGs.

It was also tracking its performance and reporting on the MDGs annually. Understanding the implications of this analysis is vital to satisfying the higher demands of the SDGs. Over the same time interval, the infant mortality rate declined from to 48 and the neonatal mortality rate also showed a similar decline from 54 to 20 table 1.


Policy - Plan for Accelerated and Sustained Development to End Poverty (PASDEP)






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