This was quite long and extremely vitriolic. This is one of the doctrines that distinguishes Protestant religions from Catholicism. Martin Luther and his writings had an enormous large influence on Western society. His work splintered the Christian community, spawning the Protestant family of religions. Protestantism is the most widespread form of Christianity in the United States today, although Catholicism is still the single biggest religion in the nation since Protestantism consists of many different religions. It put pressure on the Catholic Church to initiate internal reforms.
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In the summer and fall of , Luther published his three chief writings, which today are considered the three great Reformation treatises. On Christian Liberty is a short treatise, free from theological jargon, concerning the priesthood of all believers as a result of justification by faith. Luther expounds this by proving that no outward works can produce Christian righteousness or liberty; faith alone is the effectual way to use the Word of God for salvation.
It does not profit the soul to wear sacred vestments or to dwell in sacred places, nor does it harm the soul to be clothed in [common] raiment, and to eat and drink in the ordinary fashion. The soul can do without everything except the Word of God. He points out that according to Scripture Luther is particularly indignant over the Roman degradation of the whole concept of marriage.
The other so-called sacraments are merely ceremonies instituted by man. Luther is particularly indignant over the Roman degradation of the whole concept of marriage. Nothing in Scripture or in the practice of the early church forbids the marriage of any believers, yet the Roman church interfered with marriages for a variety of reasons. Nevertheless, the papal hierarchy firstly in its own canon law prohibits divorce; then it breaks all laws, human and divine, by permitting divorce for a sum of money.
The book To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation produced the most instantaneous, widespread, and powerful effect of anything Luther wrote.
Concerning Christian Liberty, to the reformation of the political society. He declares the true God-ordained and holy characteristic of every human relationship of the family, home, trade, or profession for people from all levels of society. Furthermore, he appeals to the mass of the German people by exposing the greatest source of the evils that oppress them: the Roman Catholic system and the pope himself. The Romanists, with great adroitness, have built three walls about them, behind which they have hitherto defended themselves in such wise that no one has been able to reform them; and this has been the cause of terrible corruption throughout all Christendom.
First, when pressed by the temporal power, they have made decrees and said that the temporal power has no jurisdiction over them, but, on the other hand, that the spiritual is above the temporal power.
Second, when the attempt is made to reprove them out of the Scriptures, they raise the objection that the interpretation of the Scriptures belongs to no one except the pope. Third, if threatened with a council, they answer with the fable that no one can call a council but the pope. He wears a triple crown, when the greatest kings wear but a single crown; if that is like the poverty of Christ and of St.
Peter, then it is a new kind of likeness. There are more than three thousand papal secretaries alone; who will count the other offices, when they are so many that they scarcely can be counted? And they all lie in wait for the prebends and benefices of Germany as wolves lie in wait for the sheep. I believe that Germany now gives much more to the pope at Rome than it gave in former times to the emperors.
Indeed, some estimate that every year more than three hundred thousand gulden find their way from Germany to Rome, quite uselessly and fruitlessly; we get nothing for it but scorn and contempt. And yet we wonder that princes, nobles, cities, endowments, land and people are impoverished!
We should rather wonder that we still have anything to eat! Ofttimes they issue They lie and deceive, make laws and make agreements with us, and they do not intend to keep any of them.
All this must be counted the work of Christ and St. They lie and deceive, make laws and make agreements with us, and they do not intend to keep any of them. There is buying, selling, bartering, trading, trafficking, lying, deceiving, robbing, stealing, luxury, harlotry, knavery, and every sort of contempt of God, and even the rule of Antichrist could not be more scandalous.
Venice, Antwerp, Cairo are nothing compared to this fair which is held at Rome and the business which is done there, except that in those other places they still observe right and reason. Luther also sought to restrict the mendicant, or begging, orders.
He said that all who wished to leave the convents should be allowed to do so, for only voluntary service is pleasing to God. In this same book there were woodcuts by Cranach contrasting Christ with the pope.
Subscribe: Android RSS In the fall of , Martin Luther produced three treatises that were crucial in the history of the Reformation and that came at an important time. What did Luther think of the pope and his bull? He ignored it and then he burned it. Of course, all this set the stage for the Diet of Worms in Before that, he wrote the three treaties.
Martin Luther – Three Treatises (1520)
In the three years that followed, Luther clarified and defended his position in numerous writings. Chief among these are the three treatises written in In these writings Luther tried to frame his ideas in terms that would be comprehensible not only to the clergy but to people from a wide range of backgrounds. To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation is an attack on the corruption of the church and the abuses of its authority, bringing to light many of the underlying reasons for PDF the Reformation.